Cholera now in 32 states, FCT, kills 3,449, says NCDC

Thirty-two states and the Federal Capital Territory have reported suspected cholera cases in 2021, according to the latest cholera situation report by the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control.

The epidemiology reporting week was from November 1 to 7, 2021.

The reports showed that the states that have recorded cholera outbreaks are Abia, Adamawa, Bauchi, Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River, Delta, Ebonyi, Ekiti, Enugu, FCT, Gombe, Jigawa.

Others are Kaduna, Kano, Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos, Nasarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun, Oyo, Plateau, Sokoto, Taraba, Yobe, Rivers and Zamfara.

In the reporting week, Borno, Kebbi, Adamawa, Cross River, Ogun and Oyo states reported 78 suspected cases of cholera but Borno and Kebbi account for 67 per cent of the cases.

The report indicated that the country has so far recorded a total of 100,057 suspected cases including 3,449 deaths (CFR 3.4 per cent) have been reported from 32 states and FCT in 2021.

The NCDC noted that of the suspected cases since the beginning of the year, the age group 5-14 years is the most affected for males and females.

“Of all suspected cases, 50 per cent are males and 50 per cent are females. Four states – Bauchi (19,470 cases), Jigawa (12,965 cases) Kano (12,116 cases), and Zamfara (11,101 cases) account for 56 per cent of all cumulative cases.

“Twelve LGAs across five states -Bauchi (four), Zamfara (four), Jigawa (two), Kano (one), and Katsina (one) have reported more than 1,000 cases each this year,” NCDC noted.

The outbreak status showed that cholera is still active in Bauchi, Zamfara, Sokoto, Kebbi, Borno, Yobe, Niger, Kaduna, Gombe, Adamawa, Benue, Oyo, Kwara, Ogun, Abia, Cross-River.

NCDC stated that some of the challenges as difficulty in accessing some communities with cholera due to security concerns and there is lack of potable drinking water in some rural areas and urban slums.

The NCDC, however, plans to “conduct training on cholera surveillance, hotspot mapping and develop state-level preparedness and response plans; maintain communication with and support to states for data reporting and response; conduct Oral Cholera Vaccine campaigns in Zamfara State.

“Develop and submit cholera vaccination request to International Coordinating Group and the Global Task Force for Cholera Control for reactive and preventive cholera campaign with NPHCDA.

“Continue advocacy to State Governments to increase funding in WASH infrastructure; pre-position response commodities across states; build capacity for sample collection, transportation and laboratory diagnosis; planned deployment of Rapid Response Teams to more affected states and scale-up risk communications.”

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